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Many cultures have built devices that travel through the air, from the earliest projectiles such as stones and spears, to more sophisticated buoyant or aerodynamic devices such as the boomerang in Australia, or kites. There are early legends of human flight such as the story of Icarus, and later, more credible claims of short-distance human flights including a kite flight by Yuan Huangtou in China, the parachute flight of Armen Firman, and the glider flight of Abbas Ibn Firnas.
The practicality of balloons was limited by the fact that they could only travel downwind. It was immediately recognized that a steerable, or dirigible, balloon was required. Although several airships, as steerable balloons came to be called, were built during the 1800s, the first aircraft to make routine flights were made by the Brazilian aviation pioneer Alberto Santos-Dumont. Santos-Dumont effectively combined an elongated balloon with an internal combustion engine. On October 19, 1901 he became world famous when he flew his airship "Number 6" over Paris to win the Deutsch de la Meurthe prize. Santos-Dumont's success with airships proved that controlled and sustained flight was possible.
Aircraft began to transport people and cargo as designs grew larger and more reliable. In contrast to small non-rigid blimps, giant rigid airships became the first aircraft to transport passengers and cargo over great distances. The best known aircraft of this type were manufactured by the German Zeppelin company.
Great progress was made in airplane design during the 1920s and 1930s. One of the most successful designs of this period was the Douglas DC-3 which became the first airliner that was profitable carrying passengers exclusively, starting the modern era of passenger airline service. By the beginning of World War II, many towns and cities had built airports, and there were numerous qualified pilots available. The war brought many innovations to aviation, including the first jet aircraft and the first liquid-fueled rockets.
After WWII, especially in North America, there was a boom in general aviation, both private and commercial, as thousands of pilots were released from military service and many inexpensive war-surplus transport and training aircraft became available. Manufacturers such as Cessna, Piper, and Beechcraft expanded production to provide light aircraft for the new middle class market.
By the 1950s, the development of civil jets grew, beginning with the de Havilland Comet, though the first widely-used passenger jet was the Boeing 707. At the same time, turboprop propulsion began to appear for smaller commuter planes, making it possible to serve small-volume routes in a much wider range of weather conditions.
Yuri Gagarin was the first human to travel to space on April 12, 1961, while Neil Armstrong was the first to set foot on the moon on July 21, 1969.
Since the 1960s, composite airframes and quieter, more efficient engines have become available, but the most important innovations have taken place in instrumentation and control. The arrival of solid-state electronics, the Global Positioning System, satellite communications, and increasingly small and powerful computers and LED displays, have dramatically changed the cockpits of airliners and, increasingly, of smaller aircraft as well. Pilots can navigate much more accurately and view terrain, obstructions, and other nearby aircraft on a map or through synthetic vision, even at night or in low visibility.
On June 21, 2004, SpaceShipOne became the first privately funded aircraft to make a spaceflight, opening the possibility of an aviation market outside the earth's atmosphere.
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Aerospace comprises the atmosphere of Earth and surrounding space. Typically the term is used to refer to the industry that researches, designs, manufactures, operates, and maintains vehicles moving through this air and space. Aerospace is a very diverse field, with a multitude of commercial, industrial and military applications.
The most significant role of a flight attendant is to ensure passenger safety. In doing so, flight attendants make several announcements before, during and after flight. The first announcement takes place before the aircraft leaves the gate, is an Aircraft Safety Demonstration specific for each type of aircraft and includes a demonstration alerting passengers of safety. Here are two Safety Demonstrations you can review and practice.
The Airport Directory @ Travel Notes helps you find the websites of National and International Airports along with airport codes, which airline flies where, destination information, how to get there and all about ground transportation and airport facilities around the world.
XM is America's #1 Satellite Radio Service - Over 170 channels to find what turns you on, featuring the most music including 69 commercial-free channels and the best news, sports, talk, and entertainment. Beyond AM. Beyond FM. XM.
The Universal Pilot Application Service
YEARS AGO, ALPA HELPED establish the Universal Pilot Application Service, Inc., the online system for companies looking for pilots and pilots looking for companies. Since then, UPAS has taken off, with hundreds companies and thousands of pilots using it for help with searches for employees or jobs.
Universal Pilot Application Service
The Universal Pilot Application Service shows off its web skills with a thoroughly captivating aviation employment mega site. UPAS, an aviation employment powerhouse, uses an innovative approach in matching pilots with companies. Although the service is fee related, youll need to check into UPAS to fully realize the potential here.
The Universal Pilot Application Service
The Universal Pilot Application Service is an employment assistance service that provides pilots with the opportunity to gain exposure to companies that are now hiring. UPAS additionally provides companies with the ability to be selective when searching for pilots with particular flight experience and qualifications. UPAS now has over twenty thousand pilots in their database. Flight experience levels vary from single engine flight instructors to Boeing 747/400 Captains.
POPULAR AVIATION JOB TITLES:XTRA Airways Jobs
Since 1989, XTRA Airways has established a reputation for outstanding reliability, flexibility, customer service and support. Delivered by people with a passion for aviation, XTRA Airways continues to impress customers daily with personalized service, support and attention to detail when chartering with us on our exclusive fleet of Boeing 737-800 and Boeing 737-400 aircraft. Whether large project or small, allow XTRA Airways to prove to you what so many past and present customers already know: XTRA Airways goes beyond what is expected.
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Air Serv Career Information
Air Serv's overriding philosophy is to provide our employees with rewarding and satisfying jobs. Our goal is to expand the labor pool and choose only the most highly skilled and uniquely qualified candidates. To retain our employees we employ various incentives in performance and attendance. We also offer a comprehensive benefits program.